Starlings are stockier birds, featuring short tails, short legs, and a moderately long horn-shaped bill. Starling feet feature a single rear-facing toe and three forward-facing toes. The most common species seen in our region is the European starling. When fully-grown, European starlings range from 7 ½ to 8 ½ inches long, and weigh approximately 2 ½ to 3 oz.
A starling’s color will change throughout the year. In the spring and summer, they are black with an iridescent green-purple sheen and have a yellow bill. In the winter, they are heavily speckled with white and gold, and have darker bills. While starlings are known to chirp, pop, squeal and whistle, they also have the incredible ability to mimic sounds in their environment, including car horns and frog croaking.
Mating season for starlings occurs in the spring time. This is when they tend to become a nuisance pest, and pose potential health hazards by nesting in our structures, such as attics, parking lot ledges, and under the eaves of houses. Female starlings will lay 4-6 white to blue/green eggs per clutch which hatch after 11-14 days.